Occupational therapy is the art and science of directing mans participation in selected tasks to restore, reinforce, and enhance performance; facility learning of those skills and functions essential for adaptation and productivity; diminish or correct pathology; and to promote and maintain health. Its fundamental concern is the capacity, throughout the life span, to perform with satisfaction to self and others those tasks and roles essential to productive living and to the mastery of self and the environment.
Occupational therapy is mainly used for treating patients with various kinds of physical disabilities. In the old age more particularly, some skills are required to perform normal acts. Occupational therapists design activities to develop self-independence in physically disable people. This type of therapy is patient specific, involving recreational, creative or educational activities. The patients specific interests, his background, his previous experiences also form an integral part of treatment.